Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy

Book Description

Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Guide for the of Survey Data ( Series in Modern Observational Astronomy)

As telescopes, detectors, and computers grow ever more powerful, the volume of data at the disposal of astronomers and astrophysicists will enter the petabyte domain, providing accurate measurements for billions of celestial objects. This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the cutting-edge statistical methods needed to efficiently analyze complex data sets from astronomical surveys such as the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System, the Dark Energy Survey, and the upcoming Large Synoptic Survey Telescope. It serves as a practical handbook for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in and astronomy, and as an indispensable reference for researchers.

Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy presents a wealth of practical analysis problems, evaluates techniques for solving them, and explains how to use various approaches for different types and sizes of data sets. For all applications described in the book, Python and example data sets are provided. The supporting data sets have been carefully selected from contemporary astronomical surveys (for example, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey) and are easy to download and use. The accompanying Python is publicly available, well documented, and follows uniform coding standards. Together, the data sets and enable readers to reproduce all the figures and examples, evaluate the methods, and adapt them to their own fields of interest.

  • Describes the most useful statistical and data-mining methods for extracting knowledge from huge and complex astronomical data sets
  • Features real-world data sets from contemporary astronomical surveys
  • Uses a freely available Python codebase throughout
  • Ideal for students and working astronomers

Table of Contents

Part I Introduction
Chapter 1 About the Book and Supporting Material
Chapter 2 Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

Part II Statistical Frameworks and Exploratory Data Analysis
Chapter 3 Probability and Statistical Distributions
Chapter 4 Classical Statistical Inference
Chapter 5 Bayesian Statistical Inference

Part III Data Mining and Machine Learning
Chapter 6 Searching for Structure in Point Data
Chapter 7 Dimensionality and Its Reduction
Chapter 8 Regression and Model Fitting
Chapter 9 Classification
Chapter 10 Time Series Analysis

Part IV Appendices
Appendix A An Introduction to Computing with Python
Appendix B AstroML:Machine Learning for Astronomy
Appendix C Astronomical Flux Measurements andMagnitudes
Appendix D SQL Query for Downloading SDSS Data
Appendix E Approximating the Fourier Transform with the FFT

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