# Bayesian Programming

## Book Description

*Probability as an Alternative to Boolean Logic*

While logic is the mathematical foundation of rational reasoning and the fundamental principle of computing, it is restricted to problems where information is both complete and certain. However, many real-world problems, from financial investments to email filtering, are incomplete or uncertain in nature. Probability theory and Bayesian computing together provide an alternative framework to deal with incomplete and uncertain data.

*Decision-Making Tools and Methods for Incomplete and Uncertain Data
*Emphasizing probability as an alternative to Boolean logic,

**Bayesian Programming**covers new methods to build probabilistic programs for real-world applications. Written by the team who designed and implemented an efficient probabilistic inference engine to interpret Bayesian programs, the book offers many Python examples that are also available on a supplementary website together with an interpreter that allows readers to experiment with this new approach to programming.

*Principles and Modeling
*Only requiring a basic foundation in mathematics, the first two parts of the book present a new methodology for building subjective probabilistic models. The authors introduce the principles of Bayesian programming and discuss good practices for probabilistic modeling. Numerous simple examples highlight the application of Bayesian modeling in different fields.

*Formalism and Algorithms
*The third part synthesizes existing work on Bayesian inference algorithms since an efficient Bayesian inference engine is needed to automate the probabilistic calculus in Bayesian programs. Many bibliographic references are included for readers who would like more details on the formalism of Bayesian programming, the main probabilistic models, general purpose algorithms for Bayesian inference, and learning problems.

*FAQs
*Along with a glossary, the fourth part contains answers to frequently asked questions. The authors compare Bayesian programming and possibility theories, discuss the computational complexity of Bayesian inference, cover the irreducibility of incompleteness, and address the subjectivist versus objectivist epistemology of probability.

*The First Steps toward a Bayesian Computer
*A new modeling methodology, new inference algorithms, new programming languages, and new hardware are all needed to create a complete Bayesian computing framework. Focusing on the methodology and algorithms, this book describes the first steps toward reaching that goal. It encourages readers to explore emerging areas, such as bio-inspired computing, and develop new programming languages and hardware architectures.

### Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

Part I: Bayesian Programming Principles

Chapter 2: Basic Concepts

Chapter 3: Incompleteness and Uncertainty

Chapter 4: Description = Specification + Identification

Chapter 5: The Importance of Conditional Independence

Chapter 6: Bayesian Program = Description + Question

Part II: Bayesian Programming Cookbook

Chapter 7: Information Fusion

Chapter 8: Bayesian Programming with Coherence Variables

Chapter 9: Bayesian Programming Subroutines

Chapter 10: Bayesian Programming Conditional Statement

Chapter 11: Bayesian Programming Iteration

Part III: Bayesian Programming Formalism and Algorithms

Chapter 12: Bayesian Programming Formalism

Chapter 13: Bayesian Models Revisited

Chapter 14: Bayesian Inference Algorithms Revisited

Chapter 15: Bayesian Learning Revisited

Part IV: Frequently Asked Questions — Frequently Argued Matters

Chapter 16: Frequently Asked Questions and Frequently Argued Matters

Chapter 17: Glossary

## Book Details

- Title: Bayesian Programming
- Author: Emmanuel Mazer, Juan Manuel Ahuactzin, Kamel Mekhnacha, Pierre Bessiere
- Length: 380 pages
- Edition: 1
- Language: English
- Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
- Publication Date: 2013-12-20
- ISBN-10: 1439880328
- ISBN-13: 9781439880326

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